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ELD CASE STUDY OF MEXICO
Title: La Economía de la Producción de Mezcal en Oaxaca, México
Content:

The report in Oaxaca, Mexico performs an economic valuation of the ecosystem services related to agave production for mezcal, evaluating the economic potential of applying a sustainability strategy to agave-mezcal production. The objective is to enable decision-makers to create the conditions for translating this economic potential into real wealth, so as to benefit the producers and actors in the value chain, achieve food security and mitigate the effects of climate change.

Year of Publication: 2022
Country report:ES
Policy brief:ES / EN
Technical Report:Scoping Study

THE STATE OF FINANCE FOR NATURE IN THE G20 REPORT
Title: The State of Finance for Nature in the G20: Leading by example to close the investment gap
Content:

The State of Finance #ForNature in the G20 report presents the results of a global analysis which tracks investment flows into nature-based solutions and identifies future investments needed to meet the biodiversity, climate, and land restoration targets. The report urges governments, financial institutions, and businesses to overcome this investment gap by placing nature at the heart of economic decision-making in the future. 

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Year of Publication: 2022
Report:EN

COSTS AND BENEFITS OF SLM: ECON-WOCAT DATASET
Title: Costs and Benefits of Sustainable Land Management Technologies – a new open access ECON-WOCAT dataset to support project planning and design
Content:

This new ECON-WOCAT dataset on the costs and benefits of sustainable land management (SLM) technologies is being launched at a time of heightened interest in public and private investments into land restoration, for example, by the United Nations (UN) Decade for Ecosystem Restoration. The ECON-WOCAT dataset consists of detailed information on the costs and benefits of more than 500 SLM technologies from the World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies (WOCAT) database. The dataset helps fill a critical gap of scarce and often scattered information on the costs of SLM technologies across ecosystems and regions. It highlights the positive economic, social, and environmental impacts of these technologies, including their significant potential for creating new jobs, and also provides numerous options for its use in the planning and implementation of SLM and land restoration projects from national to global levels. For example, the information can be used to identify the funding needs for the implementation of the cur­rent land restoration commitments by countries as part of their land degradation neutrality (LDN) action plans. Access the ECON-WOCAT dataset and accompanying products.

Year of Publication: 2022
Policy brief:EN

ELD CASE STUDY OF INDIA
Title: Pathways to Agroecology in India - Economic benefits of sustainable land management
Content:

This policy brief uses two case studies from India conducted by Development Alternatives (DA) and Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR) to demonstrate how sustainable land management practices are linked to the holistic approach of agroecology and how economic arguments can support decision-making.

Year of Publication: 2022
Policy brief:EN

ELD CASE STUDY OF KYRGYZSTAN
Title: Terrestrial natural capital restoration to achieve SDGs: Pilot land accounts and sustainable pasture management in Kyrgyzstan
Content:

This information brief summarises the results of a project designed to help decision-makers assess the condition of pastures and the benefits of restoration initiatives in Kyrgyzstan, with the goal of eventually integrating the true value of land assets into the national accounting system.

Year of Publication: 2021
Summary:EN / RU

STATE OF FINANCE FOR NATURE
Title: State of Finance for Nature: Investments in nature-based solutions need to triple by 2030
Content:

The State of Finance #ForNature report presents the results of a global analysis which tracks investment flows into nature-based solutions and identifies future investments needed to meet the biodiversity, climate, and land restoration targets. The report urges governments, financial institutions, and businesses to overcome this investment gap by placing nature at the heart of economic decision-making in the future.

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Year of Publication: 2021
Report:EN

ELD CASE STUDY OF GEORGIA
Title: The economics of pasture management in Georgia: An economics of land degradation study
Content:

Longer heat waves, stronger winds, and increasing demand for pasture land have had negative impacts on winter pastures, resulting in reduced biological productivity in the Kakheti region of Georgia. This compromised food and water security, and pastoral livelihoods. Three sustainable pastureland strategies are analyzed in this case study focusing on economic consequences on pastoral households, and the impact on land productivity. Potential scenarios covered resident pasture users (on village pasture), and small, medium and large migratory herders.

Year of Publication: 2021
Country report:EN
Policy brief:EN
Technical report:EN

ELD CASE STUDY OF PUNTLAND, SOMALIA
Title: An assessment of grazing management practices in Puntland, Somalia: Community-led grazing land management model for Dharoor valley
Content:

This scientific interim report uses the ELD methodology to assess the effects of land degradation on the livelihoods of pastoral communities in the Puntland region of Somalia. The study aims to strengthen the capacities of research and government institutions through training and mentoring on environmental valuation methods, so local decision-makers can draw upon recommendations based on sound economic evidence.

Year of Publication: 2021
Technical report:EN

ELD CASE STUDY OF SOMALIA
Title: An assessment of the economic impact of land degradation in Somaliland
Content:

This report conducts an assessment of the economic impact of land degradation in the case study areas of Baligubadle and Bookh rangelands.

Year of Publication: 2021
Technical report:EN
Policy brief:EN

ELD CASE STUDY OF RWANDA
Title: Achieving green growth through terrestrial natural capital restoration in Rwanda
Content:

Given the critical role that natural capital and ecosystem services play in maintaining biodiversity, enabling green growth, and achieving the SDGs, the Green Growth Knowledge Partnership (GGKP) and the Economics of Land Degradation (ELD) Initiative joined forces. GGKP and ELD's first case study on natural capital restoration was conducted in Rwanda by a team of experts led by Montclair State University. This study aims to highlight the critical role of natural capital in macro-economic outputs, facilitate improved decision-making in green growth policies, and achieve national SDG targets. Through integrated and innovative methods, the study explores five policy scenarios on the sustainable use of land and green growth. The results help to understand how land degradation due to erosion can affect not only economic indicators such as GDP, poverty reduction, genuine savings, and unemployment, but also land assets, land use changes, ecosystem service supply, and terrestrial natural capital.

Year of Publication: 2020
Country report:EN
Policy brief:EN

ELD/WOTR CASE STUDY OF EAST MADHYA PRADESH, INDIA
Title: Economic Valuation of Reducing Land Degradation through Watershed Development in East Madhya Pradesh under Risks of Climate Extremes
Content:

This study conducted jointly with the Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR) seeks to assess the economic and environmental benefits of reducing land degradation through sustainable land management practices such as watershed development in eastern Madhya Pradesh and in the context of climate change.

Year of Publication: 2020
Country report:EN
Policy brief:EN

ELD SYNTHESIS REPORT OF THE REGREENING AFRICA PROJECT
Title: Synthesis Report of the Activities under Component 1 of the ReGreening Africa Project
Content:

This report details the findings and lessons learned from the ELD country studies conducted under component 1 of the Regreening Africa Project.

Year of Publication: 2020
Report:EN / FR

ELD FARMER-MANAGED NATURAL REGENERATION REPORT
Title: Analysis of economic benefits from upscaling farmer-managed natural regeneration (FMNR) and other agroforestry systems in West and East Africa
Content:

This report summarises the trends in deforestation in the target countries, compiles an overview from the literature of sustainable land management (SLM) practices suitable for agricultural and drylands across the target countries, and presents an economic meta-analysis of FMNR based on three (ELD) case studies.

Year of Publication: 2020
Report:EN

ELD CASE STUDY OF BUNDELKHAND, INDIA
Title: Economics of Land Degradation: Evaluating the Impact of Land Remediation through the lenses of natural capital and SDGs in the Bundelkhand region in Madhya Pradesh, India
Content:

This study conducted jointly with Development Alternative (DA) seeks to assess the economic and environmental benefits of land remediation in Bundelkhand situated in the state of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

Year of Publication: 2020
Country report:EN
Policy brief:EN

ELD CASE STUDY OF MALI
Title: The Economics of Cotton Production in Mali and the Challenges of Land Degradation
Content:

This study compares the economics of conventional and organic cotton production in the Koutiala and Bougouni counties in Mali.

Year of Publication: 2020
Country report:EN / FR
Policy brief:EN
Fact sheet:EN / FR

ELD CASE STUDY OF ETHIOPIA
Title: The Economics of Land Degradation Neutrality in Ethiopia
Content:

This study aims to assess the economic benefits and costs of sustainable land management (SLM) towards achieving agricultural land degradation neutrality in Ethiopia and assess how SLM is cost-effective and helpful in achieving a number of other Sustainable Development Goals as co-benefits.

Year of Publication: 2020
Country report:EN
Fact sheet:EN / FR

ELD CASE STUDY OF KENYA
Title: Economic and Policy Implications of ELD Studies in Kenya under the ReGreening Africa Project
Content:

ELD supported three economic valuation studies in different agroecological regions of Kenya. The findings demonstrate that the benefits of SLM exceed the costs, providing evidence to policymakers that the costs of inaction – in the form of reduced food productivity and the loss of ecosystem services – are by far greater than the required current investments to address land degradation.

Year of Publication: 2020
Policy brief:EN
Regional Case Study 1: Economics of Land Use Management on Ecosystem Services. A case study of Aberdare Water Tower in Nyandarua County, Kenya
  • Country report:EN
  • Policy brief:EN
  • Fact sheet:EN / FR
Regional Case Study 2: Costs and benefits of sustainable rangeland management practices in Northern Kenya
  • Country report:EN

ELD CASE STUDY OF SENEGAL
Title: Investir dans la gestion durable des terres au Sénégal pour atténuer les conflits d’usage
Content:

This study looks at the cost of land degradation in Senegal and how SLM practices like organic fertilizer use, agroforestry, and ANR can reduce them.

Year of Publication: 2019
Country report:FR
Policy brief:FR
Fact sheet:EN / FR
Regional Case Study 1: Remédier à la dégradation des terres dans la zone sylvo-pastorale du Sénégal
  • Country report:FR
Regional Case Study 2: Économie de la dégradation des terres dans une région minière du Sénégal
  • Country report:FR
Regional Case Study 3: Économie de la dégradation de la forêt classée de Pata au Sénégal
  • Country report:FR
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    ELD CAMPUS - SELF-STUDY MODULE
    Title: Apply the ELD approach on your own
    Content:

    The main learning objectives of the Self- Study Module are:

    • Selectively apply and critically evaluate the use of key concepts and methods in the cost-benefit analysis including discounted cash flow analysis, measures of project worth, and valuation estimates for environmental goods and ecosystem services;
    • Identify and compare land management costs and benefits over time for ‘with’ and ‘without’ project scenarios;
    • Calculate and interpret investment criteria including net present value and internal rate of return.

     

    For the fictional case study of Eldamia the following scenarios are to be analysed:

    In Southern State

    • a ‘without project’ or ‘baseline’ scenario consisting of ‘business as usual’ and no continuing change or trend in the current state of land degradation;
    • compared to a ‘with project’ sustainable land management (SLM) scenario consisting of investments made and interventions carried out to reduce land degradation and improve ecosystem service provision.

    In Northern State

    • a ‘without project’ or ‘baseline’ scenario consisting of ‘business-as-usual’ and a continuing trend of worsening land degradation;
    • compared to a ‘with project’ SLM scenario consisting of investments made and interventions carried out to reduce land degradation and improve ecosystem service provision.

    Estimated time for application: 

    1 day for each case study, for onsite-trainings it is suggested to split the groups of trainees into two and have another ½ day for presenting the cases to each other and to discuss them

    Year of Publication: 2019
    Scripts:EN / FR / RU

    ELD CAMPUS - MODULE 8
    Title: Cost-benefit analysis
    Content:

    The main learning objectives of Module 8 are:

    • Be able to describe the basic elements of a cost-benefit analysis
    • Know the difference between a financial and a total economic value CBA
    • Understand the importance of a sound context analysis
    • Understand the principle of deriving incremental net benefits from the comparison of different scenarios
    • Have an understanding on the quantification of different costs and benefits (units)
    • Understand what a discount factor and rate is and be able to discuss the consequences of applying different discount rates
    • Understand the terms shadow prices and opportunity costs
    • Understand how important indicators to conclude on a project worth are computed and have basic ideas on how to interpret them
    • Have a basic understanding on how economic costs are derived from financial values and how to undertake a sensitivity analysis.

    Estimated duration of the lecture: 

    40 minutes (overview; to obtain learning objectives there is a need to in-deepen different parts, which can be done with the help of the self-study module) 

    Estimated time for studies:

    1-2 days, depending on the level of previous knowledge and interests

     

    Learn more
    Year of Publication: 2019
    Scripts:EN / FR / RU
    Lecture Slides:EN / FR / RU

    ELD CAMPUS - MODULE 7
    Title: Valuation of ecosystem services
    Content:

    The main learning objectives of Module 7 are:

    • Obtain a basic understanding of the assumptions behind established valuation methods, why different methods lead to different estimates, how each of these methods works, what kind of results they lead to, and some of their limitations
    • Be able to describe the total economic value (TEV) framework
    • Know different valuation methods and obtain a basic understanding of how to apply these methods
    • Be able to apply a checklist to choose the most appropriate method for valuation
    • Have a basic understanding on how to design a sampling plan and a survey
    • Be aware of different application examples.

    Estimated duration of the lecture: 

    40 minutes (overview; to obtain learning objectives there is a need to in-deepen the different methods) 

    Estimated time for further studies:

    1-2 days, depending on the level of previous knowledge and interests

    Learn more
    Year of Publication: 2019
    Scripts:EN / FR / RU
    Lecture Slides:EN / FR / RU

    ELD CASE STUDY OF NIGER
    Title: The economics of SLM practices in Niger
    Content:

    This study presents the key findings of an economic evaluation of six different sustainable land management measures being implemented in four areas in Niger.

    Year of Publication: 2019
    Country report:FR
    Fact sheet:EN / FR
    Regional Case Study 1: Rentabilité de la fixation des dunes au Niger
    • Country report:FR
    • Fact sheet:EN / FR
    Regional Case Study 2: Évaluation économique des pratiques de gestion durable des terres à Maradi, Niger
    • Country report:FR
    Regional Case Study 3: Économie de la dégradation des terres à Tahoua, Niger
    • Country report:FR

    ELD CAMPUS - MODULE 6
    Title: Identification and selection of ecosystem services
    Content:

    The main learning objectives of Module 6 are: 

    • Know different concepts of ecosystem services classification, especially the one of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
    • Be able to categorise ecosystem services into provisioning, regulating, cultural, and supporting services 
    • Understand the underlying ecological cycles (water, nutrient, and carbon cycles) behind regulating and supporting services
    • Know special characteristics of ecosystem services to be taken into account for their identification and assessment
    • Obtain an overview on available data sources and assessment tools
    • Understand how to delineate agro-ecological landscape units and to select ecosystem services for assessment.

    Estimated duration of the lecture: 

    30-40 minutes

    Estimated time for studies:

    2-6 hours, depending on the level of previous knowledge and interests

    Learn more
    Year of Publication: 2019
    Scripts:EN / FR / RU
    Lecture Slides:EN / FR / RU

    ELD CAMPUS - MODULE 5
    Title: Communication, outreach and policy impact
    Content:

    The main learning objectives of Module 5 are:

    • Understand the rationale behind stakeholder engagement and the importance of goal setting and stakeholder identification for an ELD study.
    • Have learned about different practical tools for stakeholder identification
    • Gain the principle know-how to be able to design a stakeholder engagement process and monitor the process.
    • Be capable of writing a policy brief in order to address key recommendations to policy-makers.

    Estimated duration of the lecture: 

    30-40 minutes

    Estimated time for further studies:

    2-3 hours (lecture of the entire ELD Practitioner's Guide and handout)

    Learn more
    Year of Publication: 2019
    Scripts:EN / FR / RU
    Lecture Slides:EN / FR / RU
    Extra material:EN / FR

    ELD CAMPUS - MODULE 4
    Title: Stepts of an ELD Study
    Content:

    The main learning objectives of Module 4 are:

    • Understand the theoretical framework behind ELD studies- comparing scenarios of inaction with scenarios of action in economic terms
    • Be able to explain the difference between a financial and an economic (total value) cost-benefit analysis
    • Have a basic understanding of the different steps of an ELD study

    Estimated duration of the lecture: 

    30 minutes

    Estimated time for further studies:

    1-2 hours (lecture of the entire ELD Initiative: User Guide)

    Learn more
    Year of Publication: 2019
    Scripts:EN / FR / RU
    Lecture Slides:EN / FR / RU

    ELD CAMPUS - MODULE 3
    Title: Environmental economics and ecosystem services valuation - The rationale behind
    Content:

    The main learning objectives of Module 3 are:

    • Understand the Gross Domestic Product as the prime development indicator and the invisibility of natural, social and human capital within national accounting systems
    • Be able to distinguish between natural capital stocks and flows and ecosystem services
    • Understand the role of natural capital for production and well-being
    • Be able to understand and possibly discuss trade-offs between the use of different ecosystem services
    • Understand the terms market failures and externalities, especially related to terrestrial land uses
    • Be aware of studies on the economic losses due to land degradation
    • Know economic assessment methods related to natural capital, e.g. natural capital accounting and cost-benefit analysis
    • Understand the viewpoints of different stakeholder groups on natural capital and have some basic knowledge on options for integrating ecosystem services into policies and planning.

    Estimated duration of the lecture: 

    30 minutes

    Estimated time for further studies:

    1-4 hours, depending on the level of previous knowledge and interests

    Learn more
    Year of Publication: 2019
    Scripts:EN / FR / RU
    Lecture Slides:EN / FR / RU

    ELD CAMPUS - MODULE 2
    Title: Land degradation versus Sustainable land management
    Content:

    The main learning objectives of Module 2 are: 

    • Understand causes, consequences and effects of land degradation, including the impact on different ecosystem services;
    • Be able to categorise land degradation phenomena, esp. according to the World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies (WOCAT);
    • Understand the important role that soils play as carbon sink;
    • Be able to categorise sustainable land management measures according to WOCAT and understand the positive long-term effects of these measures;
    • Understand socio-economic barriers for the adoption of SLM measures and know about different political instruments to incentivise SLM;
    • Be aware of the international policy framework of action against land degradation, e.g. the land degradation neutrality framework and the UN decade of ecosystem restoration.

    Estimated duration of the lecture: 

    30 minutes

    Estimated time for further studies:

    1-6 hours, depending on the level of previous knowledge and interests

    Learn more
    Year of Publication: 2019
    Scripts:EN / FR / RU
    Lecture Slides:EN / FR / RU

    ELD CAMPUS - MODULE 1
    Title: The ELD Initiative
    Content:

    The main learning objectives of Module 1 are to understand the dimension of land degradation and the response by the global community, reflected through the sustainable development goal (SDG) 15, as well as the relevance of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and the role, structure, and objectives of the ELD Initiative.

    Estimated duration of the lecture: 

    25 minutes

    Estimated time for further studies:

    1-3 hours, depending on the level of previous knowledge and interests

    Learn more
    Year of Publication: 2019
    Scripts:EN / FR / RU
    Lecture Slides:EN / FR / RU

    ELD CASE STUDY OF GHANA
    Title: The Case for Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) in the Upper West Region of Ghana
    Content:

    This study compared crop yields for FMNR and non-FMNR farmers in order to prove the effectiveness of the method in increasing income in the upper west region of Ghana.

    Year of Publication: 2019
    Country report:EN
    Policy brief:EN
    Fact sheet:EN / FR

    THE ECONOMICS OF LAND DEGRADATION NEUTRALITY IN ASIA
    Title: The Economics of Land Degradation Neutrality in Asia - Empirical Analyses and Policy Implications for the Sustainable Development Goals
    Content:

    The report highlights the cost of land degradation and what economic benefits are generated through investments in sustainable land management. It aims at assessing the policy implications of achieving SDG 15.3 on achieving other SGDs, in particular economic growth, rural employment, poverty reduction, and food security.

    Year of Publication: 2018
    Report:EN
    Policy brief:EN

    ELD CASE STUDY OF BENIN
    Title: Le coton est-il vraiment l'or blanc à Banikoara?
    Content:

    L'étude présente une évaluation de base des réels avantages et des coûts de la production de coton pour les ménages de Banikoara.

    Year of Publication: 2017
    Country report:FR

    ELD CASE STUDY OF GEORGIA
    Title: Reducing wildfires in Georgia
    Content:

    The case study from Georgia provides an overview of research conducted on implementing and enforcing a law to ban crop residue burning in the Dedoplistskaro district, using a cost-benefit analysis. When accounting for the contribution of straw to soil nutrients and the market value of straw bales, it is worthwhile for farmers to forgo burning.

    Year of Publication: 2017
    Country report:EN
    Policy brief:EN

    ELD CASE STUDY OF BENIN
    Title: The Economics of conventional and organic cotton production. A case study from the municipality of Banikoara, Benin.
    Content:

    The case study from the municipality of Banikoara presents an analysis of the economics of pesticide use and resulting occupational health issues in cotton production.

    Year of Publication: 2017
    Country report:EN / FR

    ELD CASE STUDY OF NAMIBIA
    Title: Bush control generates economic and environmental benefits
    Content:

    The ELD case study of Namibian highlights the economic and environmental benefits of bush control on the national and local levels. 

    Year of Publication: 2017
    Country report:EN
    Policy brief:EN

    ELD CENTRAL ASIA REGIONAL REPORT
    Title: Broadening land management options for improved economic sustainability across Central Asia: A Synthesis of national studies
    Content:

    This regional report presents the findings of the research reports from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan, following the outline of the ELD approach and provides policy recommendations for sustainable land management for decision-makers on the national and regional levels.

    Year of Publication: 2016
    Report:EN

    ELD CASE STUDY OF KAZAKHSTAN
    Title: More sustainable land management in desert forests can lead to economic and environmental benefits
    Content:

    This Policy Brief provides a summary of the research conducted in Kazakhstan about the economic and environmental benefits of sustainable land management in desert forests. It is part of the ELD Central Asia Report.

    Year of Publication: 2016
    Policy brief:EN / RU

    ELD CASE STUDY OF KYRGYZSTAN
    Title: Summer pastures across the Kyrgyz Republic can provide greater economic and environmental benefits through improving pasture yields sustainably
    Content:

    This paper is a summary of the studies conducted in Kyrgyzstan on how summer pastures can provide greater economic and environmental benefits through improving pasture yields sustainably. It is part of the ELD Central Asia Report.

    Year of Publication: 2016
    Policy brief:EN / RU

    ELD CASE STUDY OF TAJIKISTAN
    Title: Implementing no-till technology and intensifying gardening productivity creates economic benefits while reducing land degradation
    Content:

    This is an overview of the research on implementing no-till technology and intensifying gardening productivity for greater economic benefits and reduced land degradation in Tajikistan. It is part of the ELD Central Asia Report.

    Year of Publication: 2016
    Policy brief:EN / RU

    ELD CASE STUDY OF TURKMENISTAN
    Title: Rehabilitating pasturelands and undertaking sustainable land Management in deserts across Turkmenistan brings both economic and environmental benefits
    Content:

    The Policy Brief for Turkmenistan summarizes the results of the research conducted on rehabilitating pasturelands and sustainable land management in deserts for economic and environmental benefits. It is part of the ELD Central Asia Report.

    Year of Publication: 2016
    Policy brief:EN / RU

    ELD CASE STUDY OF UZBEKISTAN
    Title: Diversifying agricultural production, retaining biomass in the field, and planting strips of forest can lead to economic and environmental benefits
    Content:

    This paper provides an overview of diversifying agricultural production, retaining biomass in the field, and planting strips of forests in Uzbekistan for positive economic and environmental impacts. It is part of the ELD Central Asia Report.

    Year of Publication: 2016
    Policy brief:EN / RU

    REPORT FOR THE PRIVATE SECTOR
    Title: Report for the Private Sector. Sustainable land management - A business opportunity
    Content:

    In this report, the ELD Initiative outlines the benefits for the private sector to invest in sustainable land management and provides pathways for larger, medium, and small enterprises to profit from the potential benefits.

    Year of Publication: 2016
    Report:EN / FR

    ELD CASE STUDY OF KENYA
    Title: Costs and benefits of sustainable soil fertility management in Western Kenya
    Content:

    ELD supported three economic valuation studies in different agroecological regions of Kenya. The findings demonstrate that the benefits of SLM exceed the costs, providing evidence to policymakers that the costs of inaction – in the form of reduced food productivity and the loss of ecosystem services – are by far greater than the required current investments to address land degradation.

    Year of Publication: 2016
    Country report:EN
    Policy brief:EN

    THE ECONOMICS OF LAND DEGRADATION IN AFRICA
    Title: The Economics of Land Degradation in Africa: Benefits of Action Outweigh the Costs. A complementary report to the ELD Initiative
    Content:

    This report views regional data on the economic costs of soil erosion related to land degradation in Africa and it analyses the costs and benefits of taking action against soil-erosion-induced nutrient losses on arable lands.

    Year of Publication: 2015
    Report:EN / FR
    Fact sheet:EN / FR

    ELD PRACTITIONER'S GUIDE 2015
    Title: Practitioner's Guide 'Pathways and Options for Action and Stakeholder Engagement'
    Content:

    The Practitioner's Guide 2015 has been developed to facilitate engagement between stakeholders in identifying pathways to action that can help tackling and adapting to the challenges of land degradation on the ground. It is based on materials of the ELD Massive Online Open Courses (MOOC).

    Year of Publication: 2015
    Guiding and training material:EN / FR / ES

    THE VALUE OF LAND REPORT
    Title: The Value of Land - Prosperous lands & positive rewards through sustainable land management
    Content:

    The Value of Land introduces the ELD Initiative and its 6+1 approach, highlighting the importance of valuing ecosystem services, the potential of sustainable land management to mitigate land degradation as well as pathways for stakeholders' engagement and perspectives.

    Maps: Australia; Benin; Brazil; Burkina Faso; China; Ethiopia; Germany; India; Kenia; Myanmar; Philippines; SE Asia; South Africa; United States

    Year of Publication: 2015
    Report:EN / FR
    Summary:EN / FR

    REPORT FOR POLICY AND DECISION MAKERS
    Title: Reaping economic and environmental benefits from sustainable land management
    Content:

    This ELD report presents tools for policy and decision-makers to promote and secure future wealth and human-wellbeing through practices of sustainable land management and demonstrates how those can contribute to society's well-being at all scales within a short period of time.

    Year of Publication: 2015
    Report:EN / FR
    Summary:EN / FR

    ELD USER GUIDE
    Title: A 6+1 step approach to assess the economics of land management
    Content:

    This document serves as an instructional and guiding text for stakeholders interested in performing cost-benefit analyses for sustainable land management options using the ELD Initiative 6+1 approach, including examples from the initiative and its partners to demonstrate each part of the process.

    Year of Publication: 2015
    Guiding and training material:EN / FR / AR / ES / RU

    ELD CASE STUDY OF JORDAN
    Title: An economic valuation of a large-scale rangeland restoration project through the Hima system in Jordan
    Content:

    This ELD paper presents an ex-ante cost-benefit analysis of large-scale rangeland restoration through the 'Al-Hima' land management system within the Zarqa River Basin in Jordan, building on the experience of a pilot initiative by IUCN and the Jordanian Ministry of Agriculture.

    Year of Publication: 2015
    Country report:EN
    Fact sheet:EN

    ELD CASE STUDY OF MALI
    Title: An economic valuation of agroforestry and land restoration in the Kelka forest Mali
    Content:

    The Mali case study uses an ex-ante cost-benefit analysis of large-scale agroforestry and reforestation in the Kelka forest to provide decision-makers with information about the value and importance of changing current land use practices towards more sustainable approaches.

    Year of Publication: 2015
    Country report:EN / FR
    Fact sheet:EN

    ELD CASE STUDY OF SUDAN
    Title: An economic valuation of sustainable land management through agroforestry in eastern Sudan
    Content:

    The study conducted in Eastern Sudan investigated the impact of adopting an integrated sustainable land use and forest restoration on land degradation and livelihoods of the farmers in the research area, Gedaref State.

    Year of Publication: 2015
    Country report:EN
    Fact sheet:EN

    ELD CASE STUDY OF ETHIOPIA
    Title: Soil Degradation and Sustainable Land Management in the Rainfed Agricultural Areas of Ethiopia: An Assessment of the Economic Implications
    Content:

    The Ethiopian case study provides an assessment of the extent of land degradation, particularly land erosion by water, and the costs and benefits of sustainable land management measures with a focus on areas under rainfed cultivation.

    Year of Publication: 2015
    Country report:EN
    Fact sheet:EN

    ELD PRACTITIONER'S GUIDE 2014
    Title: Practitioner's Guide 'The Economics of Land Degradation'
    Content:

    This guide reaches out to provide decision-makers, among others managers, NGOs, and farmers, with the required skills, to make an economic case for preventing or reversing land degradation and adopting more sustainable land management practices.

    Year of Publication: 2014
    Guide:EN / FR / RU / TR / HI / AR

    ELD REPORT ON LESS FAVORED LANDS AND THE RURAL POOR
    Title: Land Degradation - Less Favored Lands and the Rural Poor: A Spatial and Economic Analysis
    Content:

    This study addresses the determination of the spatial distribution of the global rural population on less favored agricultural land and areas as well as on degrading and improving the land. Additionally, it looks at how these distributions affect poverty in developing countries.

    Year of Publication: 2014
    Report:EN

    ELD CASE STUDY OF BOTSWANA'S KALAHARI
    Title: Assessing the socio-economic and environmental dimensions of land degradation
    Content:

    This report identifies key rangeland ecosystem services in Botswana's Kgalagadi District and assesses the costs and trade-offs associated with them. A Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis is used to rank alternative land use options.

    Year of Publication: 2014
    Country report:EN
    Fact sheet:EN
    Technical report:EN

    ELD BUSINESS BRIEF
    Title: OPPORTUNITY LOST: Mitigating risk and making the most of your land assets
    Content:

    The ELD Business Brief evaluates the risk of land degradation for various industry sectors and discusses the impacts of land degradation on businesses. Additionally, the document highlights a number of successful business cases turning land degradation into business opportunities.

    Year of Publication: 2013
    Report:EN

    ELD SCIENTIFIC INTERIM REPORT
    Title: The rewards of investing in sustainable land management
    Content:

    This interim report is a reflection of scientific work that has been synthesized and analyzed building on earlier studies and ELD contributions in the context of the work of UNCCD.

    Year of Publication: 2013
    Technical report:EN
    Summary:EN