Area: 580.367 km²

Geography: Kenya´s climate varies from tropical along the coast to arid in the inland. The landscape is characterized by low plains that rise to central highlands. Lake Victoria is the world's largest tropical lake and second largest fresh water lake. The Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa and contribute to one third of the country’s GDP. (CIA, 2019)

Land Degradation: More than 12 million people live in areas that are affected by land degradation. There are several challenges that endanger the agricultural output of the country, soil erosion and soil nutrient depletion are two of them. Moreover the proceeding land degradation might lead to a loss of rural livelihoods, reduced water supplies and putting wildlife habitat in danger. (Mulinge W. et al., 2016)

Sustainable Land Management : The challenge of land degradation and its many negative effects is recognized by the Kenyan government. Kenya´s Vision 2030 aims to tackle the socio-economic as well as the biophysical causes of land degradation. (Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Kenya, 2016)


  • Capacity Building (2017-2020)

    Within the Regreening Africa project, jointly implemented with the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), the ELD Initiative is conducting trainings on the total economic valuation of terrestrial ecosystems and their services. Trainings are complemented by practical exercises as part of the ongoing research within the country.

  • Case Study (2016)

    Title: Costs and benefits of sustainable soil fertility management in Western Kenya.
    Authors: Dallimer M., Stringer L.C., Orchard S.E., Osano P., Njoroge G., Wen C.
    Scope and  findings: The study examines the costs and benefits of different sustainable land management practices in Western Kenya providing important new empirical data to identify practices with quick returns on investment. Benefits that accrued to individual farmers from manuring were universally positive and the benefit-cost ratio for intercropping was uniformly high. However, an investment in physical terraces or agroforestry is going to be beneficial depending on local conditions and contexts.

    Case Study Report (en)
    Policy Brief (en)

  • Case study (2019)

    The ELD Initiative in close cooperation with its partners is conducting participatory research based on previous stakeholder consultations within the EU-BMZ co-funded project Regreening Africa. The report will be released in early 2020.


ELD Secretariat