Area: 26,338 km²

Geography: The high elevation of Rwanda and its location in the African Great Lakes region characterizes its geography. Savanna grassland is dominant, while also hills and mountains are stretching from west to east. The climate is mostly temperate and mild in the mountains. (CIA, 2019)

Land Degradation: Soil erosion and declining soil fertility are major concerns for agricultural development in Rwanda. High demographic pressure has increasingly led to the occupation of marginal areas and to the rapid and continuous soil degradation of the country’s fragile ecosystems. Land degradation contributes significantly to poor performance of the agricultural sector, a key pillar of the Rwandan economy. (ELD, 2018)

Sustainable Land Management: In recent years, sustainable land management has gained priority on the political agenda in Rwanda. The government development program “Vision 2020” set the goal to implement adequate land and water management techniques, coupled with a sound biodiversity policy. Moreover the voluntary targets for Land Degradation Neutrality are recognized as a support for the implementation and monitoring of the Rwanda Land Use and Development Master Plan and other related policies. (MINECOFIN, 2012) (ELD, 2018)


  • Capacity Building (2017-2020)

    Within the Regreening Africa project, jointly implemented with the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), the ELD Initiative is conducting trainings on the total economic valuation of terrestrial ecosystems and their services. Trainings are complemented by practical exercises as part of research within the country.

  • Case study (2019)

    The ELD Initiative in close cooperation with its partners is conducting participatory research based on previous stakeholder consultations within the EU-BMZ co-funded project Regreening Africa. The report will be released in early 2020.


ELD Secretariat