Area: 1,104,300 km²

Geography: Ethiopia is an ecologically diverse country, ranging from deserts along the eastern border to tropical forests in the south to extensive Afromontane in the northern and southwestern parts. The great diversity of terrain determines wide variations in climate, soils, natural vegetation, and settlement patterns.
(Economics of Land Degradation and Improvement in Ethiopia, Gebreselassie et al., 2015)

Land Degradation: More than 85% of ethiopian land is degraded to various degrees. Soil erosion by water is the dominant degradation process and occurs particularly on cropland.
(Economics of Land Degradation and Improvement in Ethiopia, Gebreselassie et al., 2015)

Sustainable Land Management: Ethiopia has been registering encouraging achievements in rehabilitating degraded land. One example is the Tigray region’s interpretation of Ethiopia’s development strategy focussing on food self-sufficiency and economic growth by conserving land and promoting sustainable agriculture.


  • Case study (2020)

    Title: The Economics of Land Degradation Neutrality in Ethiopia
    Content: This study aims to assess the economic benefits and costs of sustainable land management (SLM) towards achieving agricultural land degradation neutrality in Ethiopia and assess how SLM is cost-effective and helpful in achieving a number of other Sustainable Development Goals as co-benefits.
    Publication: April 2020
    Fact sheet: EN FR

  • Capacity Building (2017-2020)

    Within the Regreening Africa project, jointly implemented with the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), the ELD Initiative is conducting trainings on the total economic valuation of terrestrial ecosystems and their services. Trainings are complemented by practical exercises as part of research within the country.

  • Case Study (2015)

    Title: Soil Degradation and Sustainable Land Management in the Rainfed Agricultural Areas of Ethiopia: An Assessment of the Economic Implications.
    Authors: Hurni K., Zeleke G., Kassie M., Tegegne B., Kassawmar T., Teferi E., Moges A., Tadesse D., Ahmed M., Degu Y., Kebebew Z., Hodel E., Amdihun A., Mekuriaw A., Debele B., Deichert G., Hurni H.
    Content: The study provides an assessment of land degradation, particularly land erosion by water, and the costs and benefits of sustainable land management measures with a focus on areas under rainfed cultivation.


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