Area: 513,120 kmĀ²

Geography: While from mid-May to September, the climate in Thailand is tropical, rainy and warm, from November to mid-March it is dry and cool. Thailand is largely plan in the center, with the Khorat Plateau in the east and mountains elsewhere. Agriculture is the most common land use, with 41.2 percent of lands used to produce sugar cane, cassava, rice, oil palm fruit, rubber, maize and tropical fruit. It accounts for 8.2 percent of the GDP, a third of the labor force works in agriculture. (CIA, 2022)

Land Degradation: The conversion of forests to other land uses, the use of unsuitable areas for agriculture are contributing to land degradation, by decline in soil productivity which in turn affect the agricultural productivity and human well-being. Land productivity has declined in 21 percent of Thailand's land area with 0.03% loss of Soil Organic Carbon during 2000 to 2010. (UNCCD, 2017)

Sustainable Land Management: In 2017, Thailand has established its national voluntary Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) targets with the ambition to achieve LDN by 2030 through reforestation and the rehabilitation of degraded lands. (UNCCD, 2017)


  • Case Study (2023)

    Title: Economic assessment of Nature-based Solution methods for flood and drought management in the 9C-9T Tonle sub-basin in Cambodia and Thailand.
    Content:The case study seeks to assess the economic performance of proposed Nature-based Solution (NbS) measures and to build the case amongst policy makers and planners in the region for greater consideration of NbS for dealing with floods and droughts, as opposed to conventional infrastructure approaches.
    Report and accompanying material: Forthcoming


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