Area: 181,035 km²
Geography: Cambodia has a tropical climate with a rainy and a dry season. While it has mostly flat plains, mountains can be found in the Southwest and in the North. (CIA, 2022)
Land Degradation: Significant drivers of land degradation in Cambodia are deforestation, the expansion of agricultural lands as well as unsustainable land management, all of them enforced through climate change. In the recent decade, deforestation has resulted in a significant loss of forest cover. Coastal ecosystems are endangered by sediment washed loose from deforested areas inland. (CIA, 2022; UNCCD, 2018)
Sustainable Land Management: In 2018, Cambodia has established its national voluntary Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) targets with the ambition to achieve LDN by 2030 through restoration activities (reforestation, landscape restoration), forest protection and the reduction of impacts on land. (UNCCD, 2018)
Case Study (2023)
Title: Economic assessment of Nature-based Solution methods for flood and drought management in the 9C-9T Tonle sub-basin in Cambodia and Thailand.
Content:The case study seeks to assess the economic performance of proposed Nature-based Solution (NbS) measures and to build the case amongst policy makers and planners in the region for greater consideration of NbS for dealing with floods and droughts, as opposed to conventional infrastructure approaches.
Report and accompanying material: Forthcoming